Creation Science

Creation Science Rebuttals

Institute for Creation Research News Report

"What Is a Turtle Fossil Doing in the Arctic?"


By Greg Neyman

© 2009, Old Earth Ministries

First Published on the Old Earth Ministries Website


     The Institute for Creation Research's website recently reported on a find of a fossil turtle discovered on Axel Heiberg Island, which is located high in the Canadian Arctic region.1   The author, Brian Thomas, states that this find is an enigma to uniformitarianists, otherwise known as people who believe the earth is billions of years old.

     Thomas begins by saying that this site is less than 700 miles from the North Pole, and the average temperature there is -20°C.  He continues by saying that "all indications are that these fossilized plants and animals lived in a warm, tropical climate."  Noting that the fossils were found in Cretaceous rocks of about 100 million years old, he states that since this is so far up in the higher latitudes, with short days and long nights, it would be practically impossible for this region to be tropical. 

     His solution for this problem is the flood of Noah.  He claims that during the Flood, the landmass was fragmented, and continents rapidly migrated to their present day positions.  Thomas mentions two possible models.  First, the continents migrated to their positions while carrying their fossil-laden sedimentary layers along for the ride.  In the other model, giant root masses, whole forests, are transported during the flood, trapping the creatures, and then they were buried on the continents. 

     He concludes by slamming old earth theories:  "a plausible interpretation of the data is nearly impossible under uniformitarian constraints."  However, he is not telling his readers the full story.  As is typical of young earth scientists, they omit information that is damaging to their theories.  They would rather deal in half-truths, than face the whole truth.

    Here is the rest of the story, which is easily found in multiple locations on the internet.2  During the Middle Cretaceous, the climate at the polar regions was much warmer.  There were no polar ice caps.   Today, our tropical ocean water temperature averages 76°F.  Around 100 million years ago, this temperature peaked around 107°F!  That is a 31 degree difference.  What caused this rise in temperature?  Geologists are not 100% certain, but we do know that CO2 levels were higher due to a much higher rate of volcanic activity.  However, CO2 is not the complete answer.  More research needs to be done on this issue.  Bottom line...given the high temperatures, if I were a turtle 100 million years ago, I would be headed towards the Arctic too. 

     Contrary to what Mr. Thomas states, us "uniformitarianists" have a very good understanding of why a turtle and other tropical animals and plants would be found high up in the Arctic.  He just doesn't want his young earth readers to know this. 






2  Multiple Links:


     If you are not a Christian, and you have been holding out on making a decision for Christ because the Church always preached a message that was contrary to what you saw in the scientific world, then rest assured that the Bible is the inerrant Word of God, and you can believe in Christ and receive salvation, while still believing in an old earth.  Click here for more.


    Are you a Christian who believes in young earth creationism?  Now that we have shown the many difficulties of the young earth creation science model in this and many other articles, how does this impact your Christian life?  If you are a young-earth creationism believer, click here.


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 Did you know that you can be a Christian, and believe that the earth is billions of years old?  You can even believe in evolution and be a Christian.  There is no conflict between science and the Bible...all one needs is a proper understanding how to merge science and the Bible.  To learn more about old earth creationism, see Old Earth Belief, or check out the article Can You Be A Christian and Believe in an Old Earth?  

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